India supports Palestine’s request for full UN membership

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A screen shows voting results during the United Nations General Assembly vote on a draft resolution that would recognize Palestine as qualified to become a full UN member, on May 10, 2024. | Photo credit: Reuters

India on Friday voted in favor of a draft resolution of the UN General Assembly saying that Palestine is qualified and should be admitted as a full member of the United Nations, and that the Security Council is “positively reconsidering” the matter.

The 193-member General Assembly met in the morning for an emergency special session where the Arab Group’s resolution ‘Admission of New Members to the United Nations’, in support of full membership of the Palestinian state in the UN, was adopted in May presented by the UAE as Chairman of the Arab Group.

The resolution received 143 votes in favor, including by India, nine against and 25 abstentions. The UNGA hall erupted in applause after the vote was cast.

Palestinian Ambassador to the United Nations Riyad Mansour addresses delegates at the United Nations General Assembly before voting on a draft resolution aimed at recognizing Palestine as qualified to become a full UN member on May 10, 2024.

Palestinian Ambassador to the United Nations Riyad Mansour addresses delegates at the United Nations General Assembly before voting on a draft resolution seeking to recognize Palestine as qualified to become a full UN member on May 10, 2024. | Photo credit: Reuters

The resolution determined that “the State of Palestine qualifies for membership in the United Nations” in accordance with Article 4 of the UN Charter and “should therefore be admitted to membership in the United Nations.” It recommended that the Security Council “favorably reconsider the matter in light of this determination.”

India was the first non-Arab state to recognize the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1974 as the sole and legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. India was also one of the first countries to recognize the State of Palestine in 1988 and in 1996, Delhi opened its Palestinian Authority Representative Office in Gaza, which was later shifted to Ramallah in 2003.

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Rights and privileges

An annex to the resolution states that the additional rights and privileges of participation of the State of Palestine will take effect from the 79th session of the General Assembly beginning in September this year.

These include the right to sit in alphabetical order among member states; the right to make statements on behalf of a group, including among representatives of large groups; the right of members of the delegation of the State of Palestine to be elected as officials in the Plenary Assembly and the Main Committees of the General Assembly and the right to full and effective participation in United Nations conferences and international conferences and meetings convened under the auspices of the General meeting.

Palestine, in its capacity as an observer state, does not have the right to vote in the General Assembly or to submit its candidacy to UN bodies.

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